CAMEL

  • Interrogating PLMN (IPLMN): The PLMN that interrogates the Home PLMN (HPLMN) for information to handle mobile terminating call.
  • CAMEL Service Environment (CSE): A CSE is a logical entity which processes activities related to Operator Specific Services (OSS).
  • CAMEL Subscription Information (CSI): Identifies that CAMEL support is required for the subscriber and the identities of the CSEs to be used for that support.
  • Service Control Function (SCF): SCF contains the actual independent service logic to apply to the call.
  • Basic Call State Model (BCSM): BSCM represents an abstract view of call processing, seen from the perspective of service feature control performed by the SCF. The BCSM consists of two sets of call processing logic, Originating BCSM (O-BCSM) and Terminating BCSM (T-BCSM).
  • Points in Call (PIC): PIC are defined by standards to represent those points in which action might be taken. They provide a view of a state or event in which call processing logic may initiate an action, such as suspension of call processing while a database is queried.
  • Detection Points (DP): DP represent transitional events that occur between some PICs.
  • Triggers: A trigger is the term used to define specific call-processing logic associated with a given point in call. Triggers are nothing more than software logic that is loaded in a network element to carry out instructions to initiate an intelligent network process based on analysis of conditions at a detection point.
  • Events: Unlike a trigger, which depends on some form of input criteria, an event is simply a call occurrence such as no answer, busy signal or call termination.
  • Arming of detection points: Detection points have two classifications: Trigger Detection Points (TDP) and Event Detection Point (EDP). A detection point is armed if control logic is established to initiate service control based on a trigger or event.
  • GSM Service Control Function (gsmSCF): functional entity that contains the CAMEL service logic to implement OSS. It interfaces with the gsmSSF, the gsmSRF, the GMLC and the HLR.
  • GSM Service Switching Function (gsmSSF): functional entity that interfaces the MSC or GMSC to the gsmSCF. The concept of the gsmSSF is derived from the IN SSF, but uses different triggering mechanisms because of the nature of the mobile network.
  • GSM Specialised Resource Function (gsmSRF): functional entity which provides various specialized resources. It interfaces with the gsmSCF and with the MSC.

http://www.3g4g.co.uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_camel.html

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